Here's To The Crazy Ones

Here's To The Crazy Ones
Here's To The Crazy Ones

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    Arthur C. Guyton, M.D.

"For Being a Crazy Good Mentor!"
He did all of this in spite of significant disabilities!

"Arthur C. Guyton, MD
((September 8, 1919 – April 3, 2003))
was an American physiologist who later became Dean of the University of Mississippi Medical School. He was born in Oxford, Mississippi, to Dr. Billy S. Guyton, a highly respected eye, ear, nose, and throat specialist, and Kate Smallwood Guyton, a mathematics and physics teacher who had been a
missionary in China before marriage.

Guyton received his undergraduate degree from the University of Mississippi and then served in the Navy in World War II. After the war, he moved on to Harvard Medical School. From there he moved on to a Cardiothoracic surgical residency at Massachusetts General Hospital. In 1946, in the final year of his thoacic surgery residency, he contracted polio. Suffering paralysis in his right leg, left arm and both shoulders, he spent nine months in Warm Springs, Ga., before returning home to Mississippi to join the faculty of the University of Mississippi. In spite of the need for crutches and a wheelchair he took up teaching and research. A composite of his lecture notes would eventually lead the the first edition of his now world renowned 'Guyton's Textbook of Medical Physiology'. This book would became a household name in every field of medicine including medical & dental schools, nursing and allied health. Guyton's obituary states "unlike most major textbooks, which often have as many as 10-20 authors", the first eight editions "were written entirely by Guyton with a new edition always arriving on schedule for nearly 40 years. From the ninth edition onwards,
John E. Hall co-authored the textbook. However, all prior editions were written entirely by Guyton, with the eighth edition published in 1991. Subsequent editions, including the latest, preserve his legacy within the title, Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology. This feat is unprecedented for any physiology or medical text. His textbook is unique in the history of medical publishing and is the 'world's best-selling physiology book' that has been translated into at least 15 languages. Arthur Guyton also made significant research contributions, which include more than 600 papers and 40 books. His work earned him a legendary place among the greatest figures in the history of cardiovascular physiology.

Tragically, Dr. Guyton would perish in an automobile accident near his home in Jackson, Miss., on April 3, 2003. He was 83 years old. His wife of 59 years, Ruth, was injured in the
crash and died on Thursday at the University of
Mississippi Medical Center. She was 80.

Now For The Crazy Part

Dr. Guyton and his wife would have 10 children. ALL 10 of them
would graduate from HARVARD. ALL 10 of them would become M.D.'s (physicians). Eight of them, all the boys, would graduate from HARVARD MEDICAL SCHOOL. Catherine Greenberger received her Medical Degree from the University of Miami after earning a bachelor's and doctorate in organic chemistry from Harvard, and Jean Gispen graduated from the Duke University Medical School after finishing her undergraduate work at Harvard.
That is just Crazy. How would you like to
pay those tuition bills?

(Click the Image To Enlarge & Shrink It)


David L. Guyton, M.D.
Professor of Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins
University School of Medicine

Robert A. Guyton, M.D.
Professor of Surgery and Chief of the Cardiothoracic Division,
Emory University, School of Medicine

John R. Guyton, M.D.
Associate Professor of Medicine, Duke University

Steven W. Guyton, M.D.
Cardiothoracic Surgeon at Virginia Mason Clinic, Seattle

Cathy Greenberger, M.D.
Internist in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Jean Gispen, M.D.
Rheumatologist in Oxford, Mississippi

Douglas C. Guyton, M.D.
Anesthesiologist in Reno, Nevada

James L. Guyton, M.D.
Orthopedic Surgeon at Campbell's Clinic in Memphis, Tenn.

Thomas S. Guyton, M.D.
Anesthesiologist in Memphis

Gregory P. Guyton, M.D.
Orthopedic Surgeon in Baltimore, Md.

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"I think it teaches us that we have to appreciate the particular talents of people who may be very eccentric and look at things in very peculiar way.
Those are often the people who will really have the most stunning insights!"
~ Dr. Louis Sass

The Africa Mercy

"For Caring Different & Treating With Respect
        Every Single Person They Encounter!"

Mercy Ships is an international charity that was founded
in 1978 by Don and Deyon Stephens. Mercy Ships currently operates the largest non-governmental hospital ship in the world, providing free health care, community development projects, community health education, mental health programs, agriculture projects, and palliative care for terminally ill patients. Mercy Ships has operated in more than 70 developing
nations around the world, with a current focus on
the countries of West Africa.

The organization has its International Operations Center (IOC) in . Mercy Ships also has 16 national resource offices in countries that include Spain, Britain, Canada, Germany, Switzerland,Garden Valley, Texas the Netherlands,
South Africa, and Australia.

A major inspiration for Mercy Ships founder and President
Don Stephens was the work of the international hospital ship SS Hope. Stephens' research showed that 95 of the 100 largest cities in the world were port cities. Therefore, a hospital ship could deliver healthcare very efficiently to large numbers of people. The birth of Stephens' profoundly disabled son,
John Paul, also inspired him to move forward with his vision
of a floating hospital. A visit with Mother Teresa in Calcutta, Inda, further deepened his commitment to serving
the world's neediest people.

Mercy Ships currently has one vessel in service: the 16,500-ton flagship Africa Mercy, which measures almost 500 feet long. The Africa Mercy has greater capacity than all three previous Mercy Ships combined. The Africa Mercy is currently serving in the port of Conakry, Guinea, where its field service will last from August 2012 to May 2013. Before the Africa Mercy arrives in port, flyers are distributed to alert the public to the ship's upcoming visit. An advance team begins a massive screening of thousands of prospective patients, to see which men, women and children qualify for a surgery. It is common for people to walk for days (and even from neighboring countries) to find out whether they may be eligible for surgical treatment.

The lower decks of the Africa Mercy are equipped with six operating theaters, a 78-bed recovery ward, a CT scanner, an X-ray machine and a laboratory. During its field service in Sierra Leone between February and November 2011, the Africa Mercy crew performed more than 3,300 surgeries, 27,800 general medical and eye consultations, 2,600 eye operations and 34,700 dental procedures. They also trained more than 12,600 people in health care professions, basic health care instruction, agriculture and church leadership. In addition, Mercy Ships increased health care delivery systems by renovating in-country pediatric and general hospital facilities.

On the upper decks of the Africa Mercy, the ship has 126 cabins that provide accommodations for more than 400 crew, including families, couples and individuals. The ship is equipped with a day care center, an accredited academy for all grades through senior year of high school, a library, a launderette, a shop for groceries and sundries, a restaurant, a gymnasium, and a donated Starbucks cafe. A fleet of 28 vehicles travels with the ship, for use in Mercy Ships land-based operations.

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"Africa Mercy - Hospital of Hope"
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Mercy Ships brings hope and healing to the forgotten poor,
mobilizing people and resources worldwide. The organization
treats all patients without cost, and without regard to their
religion, race or gender.

Mercy Ships vessels have completed over 564 port visits in
53 developing nations and 17 developed nations. Its
volunteers have performed services valued at more than
$1 billion, impacting about 2.35 million people. Mercy Ships
volunteers have performed more than 61,000 free operations,
such as cleft lip and palate, cataract removal, straightening
of crossed eyes, and orthopedic and facial reconstruction.
Volunteers have performed 278,000 dental procedures for
more than 109,000 dental patients.

The organization is active on land, as well as on board the
ship. Volunteers have treated over 539,000 patients in
mobile medical and dental clinics set up in the communities
near ports where the hospital ship has docked. They have also
have trained more than 29,400 local medical professionals in
areas of specialization, including anesthesiology, midwifery,
sterilization and surgery. Volunteers have educated about
5,770 local healthcare workers, who have in turn trained
multiple thousands in primary healthcare. Volunteers have
also taught basic health care to more than 150,000 local
people. As of spring 2011, volunteers have completed
nearly 1,100 community development projects focusing
on water and sanitation, education, infrastructure
development and agriculture.

Mercy Ships is a Better Business Bureau accredited charity.
Originally a part of the YWAM (Youth with a Mission) family of
Christian ministries, Mercy Ships is now a standalone
organization. Mercy Ships has built a broad base of financial
support, beginning with donations from the public and
from crew members. Medical companies donate
pharmaceuticals, equipment and supplies to Mercy Ships.
Corporations also make in-kind donations of materials
such as fuel, food and building supplies. In addition,
governments that work with Mercy Ships also waive
port fees and associated costs for the ship to dock.


The Astronauts

"For Being Crazy Enough To Think
       That They Could Walk On The Moon!"

The Apollo program, named after the Greek God
who drove his chariot to the sun, was America's effort
to be first to the moon. Conceived during
the presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower, and
guided by NASA, it began in earnest after
President John F. Kennedy's May 25, 1961
special address to a joint session of Congress.
In this speech Kennedy declared a national goal
stating, "I believe that this nation should
commit itself, to achieving the goal, before
this decade is out, of landing a man on the
Moon and returning him safely to the Earth."
Apollo was preceded by the Mercury and
Gemini missions, which laid the ground
work necessary for Apollo's success.

Kennedy's goal was achieved on July 20, 1969,
when the Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong
and Buzz Aldrin stepped out on to the Moon.
Michael Collins remained in lunar orbit. Five
subsequent Apollo missions also landed
astronauts on the Moon, the last in
December 1972. In these six Apollo
spaceflights, 12 men walked on the Moon
allowing them to join one of histories
most elite clubs.

The entire program was accomplished with
only two major setbacks. The first came with
the Apollo 1 launchpad fire that resulted in the
deaths of astronauts Gus Grissom, Ed White
and Roger Chaffee. The second near catastrophe
was Apollo 13, when an oxygen tank ruptured
during the Moonward phase of its journey. This
explosion crippled Apollo 13's command
module and the only thing that saved the
3 men was that they miraculously had a
second spacecraft, the lunar module.
There were however other problems - like the
Apollo 12 lightning strike that occurred just
be for launch that crippled the entire rocket
momentarily or Apollo 14 nearly being
unable to dock, or Jim Irwin suffering
a heart attack on the moon.

Neil Armstrong
8.5.1930 – 8.25.2012
(Click the Image To Enlarge & Shrink It)

Armstrong stopped signing anything, even personal checks, shortly after returning from the moon, in an effort to stop people from capitalizing on his
fame. When he signed his official Apollo 11 photograph he was always careful
to position his signature so that it was never over the United States Flag.

Armstrong had unequaled nerve, which is of course why he was picked to command this flight. On their final approach to the moon, the Eagle was
headed straight towards a large boulder field. Armstrong had to
make a decision, so he took control of the craft from the computers
and Houston and landed it safely by the seat-of-his-pants.

If you listen carefully to the final minute of the decent, you will note that
everybody was ordered silent by CAPCOM except for one person, who was
calling out second. " 60 seconds ... 30 seconds ..." He was calling out the
amount a fuel Armstrong had left for his decent.
Armstrong landed with 19 seconds of fuel to spare!
His heart rate never went up!


For the record: NASA's photos are within the
realm of public domain. In fact, "It is unlawful to falsely
claim copyright or other rights in NASA Material"

In the panorama above, Dr. Harrison (Jack) Schmitt is
seen walking back to his lunar rover. He received a Ph.D.
in geology from Harvard University in 1964. In 1965 he
was selected as a member of the first group of
scientist-astronauts. There was just one problem - he did
not know how to fly. So, he was sent off to flight school
where he earned his jet & helicopter wings
from the US Air Force. He has since logged more than
2,100 hours flying time, 1,600 of them in jet aircraft,
becoming proficient enough to serve as Lunar Module
pilot for the Apollo 17 mission. He is also the person
credited with snapping the "The Blue Marble" photo,
the most widely distributed photographic image in
history. On December 11, 1972 he walked on the Moon.
He followed that with two terms as a US Senator.

Schmitt is a Harvard graduate & teacher, an accomplished
Jet and Helicopter Pilot, a Moonwalker and a US Senator.
(Think You've Accomplished A Lot!)

"From Whence We Came!"

Prior to actually landing on the moon, the Apollo 11 crew 'always' refered to themselves as the 'Eagle'. Amstrong suprised NASA mission Control when he radioed back, "Houston,Tranquility Base here, the Eagle has landed." Armstrong's abrupt change of the call sign from "Eagle" to "Tranquility Base" causing momentary confusion at Mission Control which remained silent for several seconds before expressing the relief of Mission Control: "Roger, Twan-- Tranquility, we copy you on the ground. You got a bunch of guys about
to turn blue. We're breathing again. Thanks a lot."

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"For All Mankind"
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7 million pounds of spacecraft, 5.5 million pounds of fuel,
7.6 million pounds of thrust, 3 million parts, 36+ stories tall,
400,000 people working together, $500 million per launch, and
3 CRAZY guys sitting on top of this monster
headed to the moon @ 22,000 miles/hr.

(Available at your local Public Library)

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"Apollo 13: To The Edge And Back"
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This documentary chronicles the real
Apollo 13 saga & is worth the watch.

(Available at your local Public Library)

"Wars are not started by sick and tired people!"
~ Andrei Codrescu

World War II Veterans
      "The Greatest Generation"

"For Freeing The World From Tyranny with Might,
       & Building a Superpower with Bright!"

World War II, or the Second World War (often abbreviated
as WWII or WW2), was a global military conflict lasting from
1939 to 1945 and involved most of the world's nations, including all of the great powers who would eventually form two opposing military alliances, the Allies and the Axis. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, on December 7, 1941, the US formally joined forces with the Allies and declared war. WWII was the most costly endeavor this country ever has been through in terms of dollars and in terms of lives. It was the most widespread war in history,with more than 100 million military personnel mobilized. In a state of "total war," the major participants placed their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities at the service of the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources. WW II was marked by significant events involving the mass death of civilians, including the Holocaust, and the only use of nuclear weapons in history - so far. It was the deadliest conflict in human history and the most costly endeavor this country
has ever been through.

Original Cost: $288 billion
Inflation Adjusted: Cost: $3.6 trillion

Once 16 million strong, U.S. veterans of World War II
are dying at a rate of more than 1,000 a day and now
number a mere 2.5 million, the Department of Veterans
Affairs estimates. Based on the rate at which they are
dying it is predicted that they will all be gone by 2020.
God Bless Everyone of them!

~ They were the true swashbucklers -
parachuting behind enemy lines, charging onto
sandy beaches as bullets whizzed by, flying daring
combat missions all while liberating countries
and the world from a totalitarian grip ~

In the end, one of the single most important lessons
learned from WWII was that of the social,
economical, and political power of education.

It came in the form of the The Servicemen's Readjustment
Act of 1944, commonly known as the GI Bill. It was
arguably one of the most significant pieces of legislation
ever produced by the federal government
- one that
immeasurable impacted the United States socially,
economically and politically. Its true impact continues
to be measured, today, through those GI's children's,
children's, children. Families futures and fortunes, forever
altered by a single, simple piece of legislation that offered
these men and women nothing more than what should
be universally free
, the opportunity to learn. Although it
nearly stalled in Congress, as members of the House
and Senate debated its worthiness and the provisions of the controversial bill, they finally delivered, in a fit of genius,
what is arguable one of the single best pieces
of legislation to ever emerge form the U.S. congress.

Churchill, Roosevelt, & Stalin

(Left to Right)

(Watch This Image)
June 6, 1944 - June 6, 2009
65th Reunion of the Normandy Landing


(Codename Operation Overlord)

The Normandy operation was the largest amphibious
invasion in world history. It was also one of the most
epic and most important battles of WW II.
This invasion began with overnight parachute
and glider landings and was followed by massive
air attacks, naval bombardments, and early
morning amphibious landings on five beaches
codenamed: Juno, Gold, Omaha, Utah, and Sword.
That evening the remaining elements of the
parachute divisions landed.

The Invasion involved more than:

5,000 ships

13,000 aircraft
160,00 allied troops

All attacking a mere 50 miles of beachhead
along the Normandy Coast of France.
The liberation of Europe from Nazi
occupation depended on its outcome
and we had no intentions of ...

December 7, 1941

Credit and copyright: Joe Rosenthal / The Associated Press.

This photograph was taken by Alfred Eisenstaedt
Published in Life in 1945.

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"A Tribute to the Men & Women of WWII"
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Although nearly stalled in Congress, as members of the House
and Senate debated its worthiness and the provisions of the controversial bill, on June 22, 1944, President Franklin Roosevelt

signed into law the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944
Arguably one of the single most significant and productive
pieces of legislation ever produced by the federal government.

Here are the facts on The GI Bill
They Simply Speak For Themselves:

~ At the close of World War II, only 5% of
Americans had college degrees.

~ Only 40% of the veterans of WW II
had high school diplomas.

~ The GI Bill paid for full tuition and books
and provided a modest living stipend.

~ 10 Million WWII vets went to
college on the GI Bill.

~ That number included 14 who would
go on to win the Nobel Prize.

~ Twenty-four who would go on to
win the Pulitzer Prize.

~ The GI Bill would educate
238,000 Teachers

~ The GI Bill would educate
91,000 scientists.

~ The GI Bill would educate
67,000 physicians.

~ The GI Bill would educate
22,000 dentists.

~ The GI Bill would also educate future
presidents and senators and congressmen
and Supreme Court justices and many
high ranking government officials.
By July of 1956, 7.8 million veterans
would participate in the program.

A decade ago then National Education Association (NEA)
President Keith Geiger said the GI Bill was, "One of the wisest investments the United States had ever made."  Following the war however, most University administrators did not share his insight.
In fact, most were opposed to the G.I. Bill, fearing it would
dilute the intellectual stream. The president of the
University of Chicago, Robert Maynard Hutchins,
said of the G.I. Bill, "Colleges and Universities will
find themselves converted into hobo jungles
and James B. Conant, president of Harvard University,
found the bill to be 'distressing', because it failed to
distinguish between those who can profit most by
advanced education and those who cannot." Eventually
however, in spite of formidable opposition, the 'True Genius'
of this legislation would come to fruition. Years later,
President Conant of Harvard University would recant
his ‘distressing' assertion, when in an article in
Life Magazine he would state that:

". . . for seriousness, perceptiveness, steadiness, and
all other undergraduate virtues, the former soldiers
and sailors of WWII were - The Best In Harvard's History."

"Proof, that intellectual brilliance is no guarantee
against being dead wrong !"

So how much did it cost the US Government (us the people)?
Educating the WWII veterans? It cost roughly $50 billion, in 2007
adjusted dollars. The return however, to the U. S. economy, has been
estimated to be $350+ billion (2007 adjusted) a 7-fold Return-On-Investment. But, if you factor in the 'exponential effect' that the GI educational experience had on the future children of those men and women, and subsequent future generations, who's educational futures
and expectations were forever altered, at least in some small measure, as a result of this bill, it quickly becomes nearly impossible to calculate the true economical yield of this single piece of legislation.

So just imagine, if you will, what we could accomplish today
if we simply refocused our energy and finances toward educating
our people, rather spending those dollars on marginal economic and military endeavors. I believe, that we would, once again, be the worlds superpower - "Powered by Bright rather than Might."

"After all, in the end, isn't that how we really
got our 'Super Powers' in the first place!"
                          ~ JPG

"I'm always scared that I'm not gonna know what to do."
~ Frank Gehry

Frank Gehry

"For Thinking Different!"

Frank Owen Gehry (born February 28, 1929) is a
Canadian-American Pritzker Prize-winning
architect based in Los Angeles.

His buildings, including his private residence, have
become tourist attractions. His works are cited as
being among the most important works of contemporary architecture in the 2010 World Architecture Survey,
which led Vanity Fair to label him as "the most
important architect of our age".Gehry's best-known
works include the titanium-covered Guggenheim
Museum in Bilbao, Spain; MIT Ray and Maria Stata
Center in Cambridge, Massachusetts; Walt Disney
Concert Hall in downtown Los Angeles; Experience
Music Project in Seattle; Weisman Art Museum in
Minneapolis; Dancing House in Prague; the Vitra
Design Museum and MARTa Museum in Germany;
the Art Gallery of Ontario in Toronto; the
Cinémathèque française in Paris; and 8 Spruce
Street in New York City. But it was his private
residence in Santa Monica, California, which
jump-started his career, lifting it from the status
of "paper architecture"—a phenomenon that
many famous architects have experienced in
their formative decades through experimentation
almost exclusively on paper before receiving
their first major commission in later years.
Gerhy is also the designer of the future
Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial.



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"America will never be destroyed from the outside. If we falter and lose
our freedoms, it will be because we destroyed oureselves."

~ Abraham Lincoln


"For Vanquishing The Impossible!"

"Marshall Bruce Mathers III (born October 17, 1972)
better known by his stage name Eminem or his
alter ego Slim Shady, is an American rapper,
record producer, actor, and Academy Award Winner.

The story of Eminem's seemingly impossible rise
to global stardom defies all logic. He was born in
Saint Joseph, Missouri. His father abandoned the family
when Eminem was 6 months old. He and his mother
moved between various cities and towns in Missouri
before settling on the rough side of Detroit on
8 mile Road. After sitting through 9th grade 3 times he
dropped out of high school. Then he set his sights on
a huge and apparently unachievable goal - the goal
of rising to the top of the rap world, a world as black
dominated in 1995 as rock 'n' roll was white
dominated in 1965. He paid his dues in underground
clubs as the only white boy to step up and
take the microphone He hustled self-made cassettes
and in 1998 Dr. Dre signed Eminem to his
Aftermath label. By 1999 he broke out the
underground world into mainstream and his
place in time as a legendary rapper was
cemented. Eminem has a history, going all the
way back to his first major release but he addresses
his critics head on without flinching. Marshall
Mathers is complicated and undeniably
controversial and though his critics correctly
point out that his music is filled with hate and
vitriol he has forever left his mark on music world.
He beat all the odds and he did it with tireless and
undaunting determination. He knew what he was
worth and he went out and got it and was
always willing to take the hits to get there.

"Look, if you had one shot, or one opportunity
To seize everything you ever wanted in one moment
Would you capture it or just let it slip?"

He has sold over 80 million records worldwide,
earning him 11 Grammies. His song
"Lose Yourself" won him an Oscar for
'Best Original Song' in 2003. His net worth
is now estimated to be roughly
$115 million dollars.

So how in the hell does a white kid from the
toughest side of Detroit, a kid who dropped
out school after sitting through ninth grade 3 times,
vanquish the impossible? How did he think he was
really going to become a dominant global player
in the almost exclusively black world of rap music
when he was 'white'. The answer is really very simple.

"You can do anything
                        you set your mind to man!"

~ Eminem (Lose Yourself)

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"Hell, there are no rules here - we're trying to accomplish something."
~ Thomas A. Edison

Kimani Ng'ang'a Maruge

"For Proving One Is Never Too Old To Learn!"

'Kimani Ng'ang'a Maruge' (1920 - August 14, 2009)
holds the Guinness World Record for being
the oldest person to start primary school - he
enrolled in the first grade on January 12, 2004 at
the age of 84. Although he had no papers to prove
his age, Maruge believed he was born in 1920.
Maruge attended Kapkenduiywo Primary School in
Eldoret, Kenya. He said that the government's
announcement of universal and free elementary
education in 2003 prompted him to enroll. In 2005
Maruge, who was a model student, was elected
head boy of his school. In September 2005, Maruge
boarded a plane for the first time in his life, and
headed to New York City to address the United
Nations Millennium Development Summit
on the importance of free primary education.
On Sunday May 24, 2009, Maruge was baptized at
Holy Trinity Catholic Church in Kariobangi and
took a Christian name, Stephen. By now he was
using a wheelchair. Maruge was a widower,
and a great-grandfather (two of his 30
grandchildren attend the same school). He was
a combatant in the Mau Mau Uprising against
the British colonizers in the 1950s. Maruge died
on August 14, 2009 of stomach cancer, at the
Cheshire Home for the Aged in Nairobi.
He was buried at his farm in Subukia.

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" These things happened. They were glorious and they changed the world ...
... and then, we fucked up the end game."
~ Charlie Wilson

Vasili Alexandrovich Arkhipov

"For Stopping WW3!"

'Vasili Alexandrovich Arkhipov' ( January 30,1926 – August 19,1998) was a Soviet naval officer. During the Cuban
Missile Crisis, he prevented the launch of a nuclear
torpedo and therefore a possible nuclear war. Thomas
Blanton (then director of the National Security Archive) said
in 2002 that "a guy called Vasili Arkhipov saved the world."

Arkhipov was born into a peasant family near Moscow. He
was educated in the Pacific Higher Naval School and participated in the Soviet war against Japan in August 1945, serving aboard a minesweeper. He transferred to the
Caspian Higher Naval School and graduated in 1947. He served in the submarine service aboard boats in the
Black Sea, Northern and Baltic Fleets. In July 1961. Arkhipov was appointed deputy commander or executive officer of the new Hotel-class ballistic missile submarine K-19. During its nuclear accident, he backed Captain Nikolai Vladimirovich Zateyev during the potential mutiny. While assisting with engineering work to deal with the overheating reactor,
he was exposed to a harmful level of radiation.
This incident is depicted in the
American film K-19: The Widowmaker.

On October 27, 1962, during the Cuban Missile Crisis, a group of eleven United States Navy destroyers and the aircraft carrier USS Randolph located the diesel-powered nuclear-armed Soviet Foxtrot-class submarine B-59 near Cuba. Despite being in international waters the Americans started dropping practice depth charges, explosives intended to force the submarine to come to the surface for identification. There had been no contact from Moscow for a number of days and, although the submarine's crew had earlier been picking up U.S. civilian radio broadcasts, once B-59 began attempting to hide from its U.S. Navy pursuers, it was too deep to monitor any radio traffic, so those on board did not know whether war had broken out. The captain of the submarine, Valentin Grigorievitch Savitsky, believing that a war might already have started, wanted to launch a nuclear-tipped torpedo.

Three officers on board the submarine – Savitsky, the political officer Ivan Semonovich Maslennikov, and the second-in-command Arkhipov – were authorized to launch the torpedo if agreeing unanimously in favor of doing so. An argument broke out among the three, in which only Arkhipov was against the launch. Although Arkhipov was only second-in-command of submarine B-59, he was actually Commander of the flotilla of submarines including B-4, B-36, and B-130, and of equal rank to Captain Savitsky. According to author Edward Wilson, the reputation Arkhipov gained from his courageous conduct in the previous year's K19 incident also helped him prevail in the debate. Arkhipov eventually persuaded Savitsky to surface the submarine and await orders from Moscow. This presumably averted the nuclear warfare which could possibly have ensued had the torpedo been fired. The submarine's batteries had run very low and the air-conditioning had failed, so it was forced to surface amidst its U.S. pursuers and head home. Washington's message that practice depth charges were being used to signal the submarines to surface never reached B-59, and Moscow claims it has no record of receiving it either.

Arkhipov continued in Soviet Navy service,
commanding submarines and later submarine
squadrons. He was promoted to rear admiral in 1975
and became head of the Kirov Naval Academy. He was
promoted to vice admiral in 1981 and retired in the
mid 1980s. He subsequently settled in Zheleznodorozhny,
Moscow Oblast, where he died on 19 August 1998.

"The Man Who Stopped WW3"
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~ Unknown

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